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La batalla ideológica sobre Catalunya en el Finantial Times

By on 22/02/2014 in Boxed Society with 3 Comments

Si bién el PP parece despreocupado por la repercusión internacional de la consulta catalana, la realidad es que es plenamente consciente de que el resultado del conflicto catalán dependerá, en buena parte, del reconocimiento internacional al nuevo estado si se consuma una declaración unilateral de independencia.

Tal reconocimiento dependerá de la presión diplomàtica de ambas partes y de la batalla ideològica en la opinión pública internacional.

Por esta razón, el PP, temeroso de la simpatia mostrada por ciertos medios anglosajones a la causa catalana, está desarrollando una actividad en diferentes medios internacionales.

FT Cayetana Alvarez

FT Cayetana Alvarez

Esta semana ha destacado el artículo de Cayetana Álvarez de Toledo -diputada del PP en el Congreso y destacada miembra de la FAES- en el Finantial Times, dónde, mediante una prosa inteligentemente argumentada y correcto dominio del idioma, pretende justificar la prohibición del referéndum de Catalunya con un agresivo ataque al separatismo y pidiendo la una actitud pro-activa de la Unión Europea contra el independentismo.

De otro lado, también intenta vincular la posición de Madrid con el Reino Unido, apelando a que ambos estados son víctimas del separatismo.

Esta necesidad de vincular y apelar a una posición conjunta con Inglaterra debe leerse como una clara muestra que las cosas no están tan ‘controladas’ como el PP intenta hacer ver. Es, sobretodo, una muestra de la débilidad de su posición y la necesidad de no aparecer ante el mundo como un estado anti-democrático que niega a un pueblo decidir libremente su futuro.

El intento de vinculación es inútil. El Reino Unido tiene un historial democrático y no sólo acepta el referéndum de Escòcia, sinó que convoca uno propio para la permanencia en la UE. Y, ante todo, el contencioso de Gibraltar es clave para mantenir irreversibles las posiciones: España nunca aceptará el derecho de autodeterminación para Gibraltar.

En conclusión, la batalla ideològica en la opinión pública internacional muestra la inseguridad de España. Aún más, sí los argumentos de Cayetana son los más desarrollados para tratar de convéncer al lector anglosajón, Catalunya tiene un gran potencial aliado y, si sabe aprovechar la ocasión, tiene aún posibilidades de decantar la balanza a su favor.

 

Constanti Segarra

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El articulo entero de Cayetana Alvarez publicado en el FT el pasado 18 de Febrero:

 

Europe cannot afford to give in to the separatists

By Cayetana Alvarez de Toledo

Secessionists hail the EU as a model of integration but  work to disintegrate one of its states, writes Cayetana Alvarez de Toledo

The centenary of the first world war serves  as a reminder of an ugly truth. As François Mitterrand put it in his last speech  to the European parliament in 1995: “Le nationalisme, c’est la guerre.”  More subtly, it is the refutation of cultural diversity, the rejection of  political pluralism and the restriction of individual rights. That is to say,  everything Europeans agreed to put behind them in 1945.

The EU stands for integration, solidarity, individual freedom and the rule of  law. Ours is not a Europe of tribes but of citizens, and we must defend it as  such. But this is now being undermined by populism and nationalism. Two of the  continent’s biggest and most ancient states – Britain and Spain – currently face  grave challenges from regional separatists in Scotland and Catalonia. These not  only pose a threat to the very integrity of the countries concerned; they also  undermine the bigger European project.

European leaders must confront separatism openly, and they  must do so on political and moral grounds. Of course, they should play the legal  card, invoking the EU treaties to remind the advocates of secession how hard it  is to be accepted into the union and how easy to be expelled. This is what José  Manuel Barroso, Commission president, skilfully did this week when questioned on  September’s  Scottish independence referendum, to the indignation of Alex Salmond,  Scotland’s first minister. But it is not enough. European leaders must unmask  the hypocrisy of nationalism.

Brussels, however, has coined a catchphrase behind which  its spokespeople take refuge: Catalonia is a Spanish “internal matter” on which  European institutions have no comment. Mr Barroso himself has used this formula  several times, including in his reply to a letter from Artur Mas, president of the Catalan government, urging European leaders to  support a referendum in November on secession. From Paris to Berlin, reactions  have been equally non-committal.

A shrewd political strategy? A clever way of snubbing the separatists to  reassert the sovereignty of central government? Many, including in Madrid, argue  that this is the case. The government of Mariano Rajoy, prime minister, does  indeed have the political legitimacy and legal instruments to counter  successfully one of the most serious challenges yet to Spain’s laws and  liberties. But any attempt to shrug off intended secession as an “internal  matter” is a mistake.

In Britain, the strident euroscepticism of the UK  Independence party obscures the fact that Scottish nationalism also contradicts  basic European principles, values that should be defended in Spain, too. Catalan  separatism runs contrary to the values that define Spain as a democracy and the EU as a  feat of civilisation. It puts identity before citizenship and defies the basic  idea upon which our peace is founded, that Europe should not be the  segregationist sum of ethnic or cultural nations but a union of democratic  states. In this, if not in their historical or constitutional underpinnings, the  plans for Scottish independence and Catalan secession look and sound worryingly  alike. They should be confronted on the same grounds. The separatists hail the  EU as a model of integration but work tirelessly to disintegrate one of its  member states. Mr Mas and his supporters urge Europe to support Catalonian  independence in the name of democracy (“Let us vote!”) but simultaneously  undermine democracy in Spain in the name of identity.

How? They distort historical facts to justify imaginary grievances: they have  transformed commemorations of the end of the War of the Spanish Succession in  1714 into a denunciation of 300 years of “Spain against Catalonia”. They  challenge the rule of law and, with it, the foundations of peaceful coexistence  among Spaniards. The Catalan government has refused to abide by court rulings  requiring children to be taught a minimum number of lessons in Spanish.

Secessionists often talk as though they speak for everyone in Catalan  society. They do not. Catalonia is home to a diversity of views. When last week  a Barcelona-based group of German businessmen warned of the economic impact of  secession, prominent figures in the separatist camp were quick to dismiss them  in shockingly pejorative terms – for which they later had to apologise.

Voters across the continent are demanding clarity. They want to know what  Europe stands for and why it is worth their solidarity and sacrifices. In the  memory of 1914 they may find the answer: there is nothing nobler, more decent or  more necessary than the defence of individual rights and liberties against the  smothering dreams of nationalism. Today, there is no room for ambiguity or  silence. The issue of separatism is a profoundly European matter, putting to the  test what the union is and what it stands for – and it demands a clear  response.

The writer is an MP for the ruling Popular party in Spain

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  1. Jordi Aluju says:

    Hace gracia que de repente publicando un articulito en el FT hay quien crea que puede cambiar de repente la opinión democrática trazada a base de siglos, de unos cuantos millones de flemáticos anglosajones…
    Me hace reir, la verdad.
    En 370 años (Yo fecho el inicio del problema con el bigotudo Gaspar de Guzmán, Conde Duque de Olivares asesorando a Felipe IV) no se han hecho las cosas bien, y cuando no se hacen las cosas bien se acaban pagando tarde o temprano las consecuencias.
    Lo que nunca he acabado de entender, es que si incluso los animales aprenden de los errores a la segunda o a la tercera, el Estado Español de matriz castellana (que no los españoles) caiga una y otra vez tropezando con la misma piedra, que encima les han advertido que está en mitad del camino. Ver para creer.
    Y si, el estado español reconocerá el derecho de autodeterminación de Gibraltar, cuando las altas esferas de la UE se decidan a llamar por teléfono a Rajoy, igual que hicieron con ZP hace unos tres años.

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